What Do Cats Need to Be Happy and Healthy

Updated: July 27, 2023


Ensuring the well-being of our feline companions is a fundamental responsibility that lies in understanding and fulfilling their basic needs. A cat’s journey towards a long and thriving life hinges upon meeting these essential requirements. Failure to do so might subject them to stress, consequently impacting their overall health and behavior negatively. As devoted cat owners, it becomes our duty to provide them with a nurturing environment that caters to their fundamental necessities.

Creating a happy and healthy life for your cat need not entail extravagant expenses on luxurious toys or elaborate play structures. Rather, the key lies in showering them with love and attention while crafting a cat-friendly abode. By fostering an environment that fosters their natural instincts and allows them to feel safe and content, we can ensure their well-being and happiness.

In the following guide, we will delve into the core elements that form the foundation of your cat’s happiness and health. By addressing their physical, emotional, and psychological needs, we can forge a harmonious bond with our feline companions and grant them the fulfilling life they truly deserve. Let’s embark on this journey of feline care, discovering the simple yet profound ways to enhance our cats’ lives and enrich our own in the process.

What kind of diet do cats need to be happy and healthy?

To be happy and healthy, cats require a diet that meets their natural nutritional needs. As obligate carnivores, their diet should primarily consist of animal-based protein. High-quality commercial cat foods formulated to meet these requirements are readily available. Look for products that list meat, poultry, or fish as the main ingredients and avoid those with excessive fillers or grains.

Essential nutrients such as taurine, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals are crucial for a cat’s well-being. Taurine, in particular, is essential for heart and eye health in cats and must be present in their diet.

Proper hydration is vital, so always provide fresh, clean water for your cat. Wet cat food can also contribute to their water intake and is recommended by some experts.

Feeding frequency depends on your cat’s age and individual needs. Adult cats generally benefit from two meals per day, while kittens may require more frequent feeding for their growth.

Avoid feeding your cat human food or dog food, as these may lack essential nutrients and can lead to health issues.

Cats are individuals, and their dietary preferences may vary. Pay attention to your cat’s behavior and energy levels to ensure they are thriving on their diet. Regular visits to the veterinarian can help assess their health and dietary needs, ensuring they remain happy and in optimal condition throughout their lives.

Feeding Your Cat

Cats thrive on animal protein and are healthiest when following a carnivorous diet. Grains, tubers, and fruits are unnecessary for them. Avoid cheap commercial cat foods that claim otherwise, as cats are ill-equipped to process carbohydrates.

For the best cat food choice, consult your veterinarian who can recommend a high-quality option based on factors such as your cat’s age and activity level. Since cats can be picky eaters, finding the right match might take some time.

Ensure the cat food you select contains taurine, an essential amino acid that promotes heart and eye health. Tailor the diet to your cat’s age, as it plays a critical role in their overall well-being.

Always provide fresh, clean water by washing and refilling your cat’s water bowls daily. Treats should make up less than ten percent of their diet, and avoid foods containing onion and garlic powder, which are poisonous to cats.

Indoor cats that mainly consume dry food might not get enough moisture. Encourage them to drink water by offering canned wet food regularly and placing multiple water bowls around your home.

Be mindful that cats can be lactose intolerant, so it’s best to avoid feeding them cow’s milk. If your cat shows signs of lactose intolerance, such as diarrhea, vomiting, or lethargy, contact your veterinarian promptly.

To stimulate your cat’s intellect and activity, try offering wet food in a bowl and placing dry food in toys or puzzles—this can be an enjoyable and enriching experience for both you and your feline friend.

Warm and Comfortable Resting Spots

Providing warm and comfortable resting spots for your cat is essential for their overall well-being and contentment. Cats love cozy places to relax and feel safe. Here are some ideas for creating inviting resting spots:

  1. Cat Beds: Invest in soft and plush cat beds filled with comfortable materials like memory foam or soft fleece. Choose beds that are appropriately sized for your cat to curl up in.

  2. Heated Beds or Pads: Especially in colder climates, consider getting a heated bed or pad for your cat. These provide warmth and comfort, which many cats adore.

  3. Sunny Spots: Cats are drawn to warm, sunny spots. Place beds or cushions near windows where sunlight streams in during the day.

  4. Cat Hammocks: Cat hammocks that attach to window sills or rest on furniture can be a favorite lounging spot for your cat, offering a unique vantage point.

  5. Blankets and Towels: Provide soft blankets or towels in areas where your cat likes to rest. They can knead and snuggle into these cozy materials.

  6. Cat Trees and Condos: Multi-level cat trees or condos offer various perches and hideaways for your cat to explore and rest comfortably.

  7. Quiet and Secluded Areas: Cats enjoy peace and solitude. Provide resting spots in quiet corners or secluded areas of your home where they can retreat and relax without disturbance.

  8. Raised Platforms: Cats love to observe their surroundings from high vantage points. Offer cat shelves or wall-mounted perches to satisfy their natural curiosity.

  9. Warmth in Winter: During colder months, ensure your home is adequately heated so your cat can find comfort throughout the house.

  10. Bed Placement: Place your cat’s bed away from noisy appliances or heavily trafficked areas to reduce stress and disturbances.

Cats are individualistic, and their preferences for resting spots may vary. Observe where your cat naturally gravitates toward and try to accommodate its preferences. By providing warm and comfortable resting spots, you create a safe and soothing environment that contributes to your cat’s happiness and relaxation.

Bowls for Your Cat

Opt for ceramic or stainless steel bowls over plastic ones to prevent the buildup of bacteria and oil in scratches, which could lead to cat acne characterized by black dots on the chin. Wide, shallow bowls are preferred by cats, as sticking their faces too far into bowls can cause discomfort.

Some cats are sensitive to the feeling of the dish around their whiskers or may dislike deep bowls that limit their view. It’s important for cats to feel in control of their eating environment to avoid any stress.

Take the time to choose an appropriate location for your cat’s food bowls. Keep them away from the litter box and ensure your cat has a private space to eat comfortably.

If you have multiple cats, provide each one with ample space away from the others and place the bowls apart. Cats are solitary hunters and may get irritated if another cat eats too close to them.

Your Cat’s Behavior

When dealing with undesirable behavior in your cat, such as jumping on the table or eating plants, it’s essential to redirect their actions in the moment. This way, your cat will associate their behavior with the redirection. Avoid using forceful reprimands as cats respond better to praise.

Timing is crucial when redirecting behavior. If you wait too long after the undesired behavior occurred, your cat may become fearful of you and their surroundings. When catching your cat misbehaving, distract them, much like you would with a toddler. You can make loud noises or shake some keys to divert their attention.

To encourage better behavior, make forbidden areas like kitchen countertops free of shiny or noisy objects that might tempt your cat. Be mindful of keeping food, glasses of water, and chip clips off the counter or other surfaces where they are not allowed.

Cats enjoy perching up high and observing the world outside. Place their scratching post or tree next to a window, allowing them a tall “legal” perch to look out. Hanging a bird feeder outside the window can also be an excellent way to entice them to a new and acceptable vantage point.

Address any leaking faucets as the sound and promise of water might attract your cat. Consider providing your cat with a fountain, which can be purchased at local pet stores.

If there is furniture like a chair or end table that enables your cat’s misbehavior, consider removing it or finding ways to discourage its use. If your cat appears to get bored easily, increase playtime to prevent them from seeking attention through misbehavior.

Use sticky surfaces like double-sided tape on old placemats scattered over the counter to deter your cat. Cats dislike having their paws sticking to sticky surfaces, and they might learn quickly to avoid those areas.

Always reward your cat’s positive behavior. When they choose to leap onto the scratching post instead of the counter, offer plenty of praise or a tasty treat. Just like humans, animals will repeat behaviors that bring them pleasure and positive reinforcement.

Space for Your Cat

Cats have a strong desire to feel in control of their surroundings and prefer to make choices regarding changes in their environment. When introducing new items like food, toys, or cat litter, it’s essential to respect their boundaries. Experts recommend offering both old and new containers and allowing your cat to choose their preference.

Create a designated space for your cat, ideally a room or area they can consider their own. Arrange their food and water, provide a comfortable bed, a litter box, toys, and cozy blankets. If space permits, include a scratching post, various perches to look out the window, or even a cat condominium.

Cats thoroughly enjoy observing the outside world. Ensure there are spots where they can perch and watch “Live TV” through the window. Outdoor cats may have more freedom, but they still relish sitting on the back of a couch or a designated table to gaze outside.

Keep the food and water bowls away from potential hazards like appliances, heaters, or air conditioners that could make sudden noises and startle your cat. Since cats are natural predators, they prefer to have a clear view of their surroundings to feel less vulnerable.

Maintain your cat’s space in the house clean, dry, and comfortable for resting or sleeping. If you provide a cat bed, line the bottom with a soft towel or warm blanket. Regularly change and wash the bedding, especially if it becomes soiled.

For cats allowed outdoors, it’s essential to equip them with a collar and ID tag displaying your contact information. You might also consider getting your cat microchipped as an additional safeguard in case they get lost or taken. Opt for a collar made of sturdy materials like vinyl or leather.

By understanding and respecting your cat’s preferences and providing a safe and comfortable environment, you can ensure a happy and contented feline companion.

Cat Scratch Fever

Scratching is a natural behavior for cats, and to protect your furniture, it’s best to provide them with a scratching post. While they might still be tempted to scratch other surfaces, having a designated post can help reduce the damage to your furniture. When your cat uses the scratching post, be sure to offer plenty of positive reinforcement to encourage this behavior.

Scratching helps cats shed the outer nail sheaths, revealing sharp, smooth claws. To prevent injuries to your family members or damage to furniture, consider trimming your cat’s nails every two to three weeks.

Ensure your cat has a tall and sturdy scratching post covered with materials like burlap or tree bark. This will provide them with a suitable outlet for their scratching instincts and help keep their claws in good condition.

Safe Environment

Creating a safe environment for your cat is paramount to ensure its well-being and happiness. Firstly, remove any potential hazards from your home. Keep toxic substances, such as certain plants, household cleaners, and human medications, out of reach. Secure electrical cords to prevent chewing and possible electrocution. Close off access to dangerous areas like balconies or open windows without proper screens.

Offer your feline companion a dedicated, clean litter box and fresh water daily. Keep harmful objects or small items that could be swallowed away from its reach. Make sure your cat’s play area is free of small, easily ingestible toys or objects that may pose choking hazards.

Provide safe and elevated spaces where your cat can perch and observe its surroundings, as cats love to climb. Avoid using any harmful chemicals or pesticides around your pet, and choose pet-safe cleaning products.

Lastly, ensure your cat is up-to-date with vaccinations and regular veterinary check-ups to prevent illness. Regular grooming and nail trimming will also contribute to its safety and comfort.

The Litter Box

Indoor cats require a litter box for their bathroom needs. Just as we prefer privacy when using the restroom, it’s best to place the cat’s litter box in a quiet and secluded location. Some experts even recommend having one litter box per floor of your home. Once you’ve chosen a spot, avoid moving the litter box, as it can disrupt your cat’s sense of comfort and security.

Cats are particular about their litter box, and they may refuse to use it if it’s dirty or emits a foul odor. Opt for a premium cat litter that allows for easy scooping of solid waste, and make sure to clean it daily. Clumping litter is often a good choice for this purpose. Additionally, it’s essential to completely empty and clean the litter box at least once a week before refilling it with fresh litter.

Be cautious about using heavy deodorants or strongly scented litter, as they may deter your cat from using the litter box. If your cat is still avoiding the litter box despite no changes in its setup, consult your veterinarian. Refusing to use the litter box could be a sign of a potential medical issue, especially if your cat is unable to urinate properly. Prompt veterinary attention is necessary in such cases.

Your Cat’s Overall Health

Make it a point to take your cat to the veterinarian for a check-up and vaccinations at least once a year. In case of an emergency, seek immediate medical attention by taking your cat to the vet clinic right away. Never administer human over-the-counter medications to your cat, especially avoid acetaminophen, as it can be fatal to them.

When visiting the vet, bring any necessary paperwork to have a record of your cat’s vaccinations, medications, and overall health history. Having these documents will be invaluable, especially if you need to travel with your cat. Remember to have your cat spayed or neutered, which can be done as early as five months of age.

If you suspect that your cat may have ingested something poisonous, promptly contact your local veterinarian or reach out to the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at 1-888-426-4435 for 24-hour consultation. Taking swift action in such situations is crucial for your cat’s well-being.

How often should I feed my cat?

Most adult cats do well with two meals per day. It’s important to follow the feeding guidelines provided by your veterinarian or the cat food packaging. For kittens, they may require more frequent meals to support their growth and development.

Do cats need access to fresh water?

Yes, cats should always have access to fresh, clean water. Ensure that you provide clean water in multiple bowls around your home to encourage proper hydration.

Are there any specific toys or activities that can make my cat happier?

Cats need mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy. Providing a variety of toys, such as interactive puzzles, feather wands, and scratching posts, can help keep them entertained. Regular playtime and opportunities for exploration are also crucial for their well-being.

Should I keep my cat indoors or let them go outside?

Many experts recommend keeping cats indoors for their safety. Indoor cats are protected from outdoor hazards such as traffic, predators, and diseases. If you choose to let your cat outside, make sure they have a secure and supervised outdoor space.

How do I keep my cat’s litter box clean and appealing?

Cats are meticulous about their litter boxes. Scoop the box daily to remove solid waste and clumps. Completely replace the litter and wash the box regularly to maintain cleanliness. Choose unscented, clumping litter that your cat finds comfortable.

How often should I take my cat to the veterinarian?

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for your cat’s health. Generally, cats should see the vet at least once a year for routine examinations and vaccinations. Older cats or those with health conditions may require more frequent visits.

What are the signs of a happy and contented cat?

A happy cat typically displays signs of affection, such as purring, kneading, and rubbing against you. They will have a good appetite, glossy coat, and be active and playful. Contented cats feel at ease in their environment and show signs of relaxation, like lying with their belly exposed and eyes half-closed.


providing a proper diet is essential for the happiness and well-being of cats. As obligate carnivores, they require a diet rich in animal-based protein to thrive. High-quality commercial cat foods that contain essential nutrients like taurine, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals are recommended to meet their specific nutritional needs.

Offering fresh, clean water is crucial for proper hydration, and wet cat food can be beneficial in contributing to their water intake. Cats should be fed according to their age and individual requirements, with regular veterinary check-ups to ensure they remain healthy.

To maintain a happy and contented cat, provide mental and physical stimulation through toys and playtime. Keep their litter box clean and appealing to encourage good litter box habits.

Michael R

Michael R

I'm a publisher and editor at Cat Guide 101. I imagine that since you’re here, you likely own a cat — or two! — so helping you better understand them is my aim. I'd like to invite you to check out our about page to learn more about the Cat Guide 101 story.

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