How to Prevent Hairballs in Cats

Updated: December 17, 2023


Hairballs are a common concern for cat owners, stemming from their meticulous grooming habits. When cats groom themselves, loose fur is ingested and forms into indigestible clumps in their stomach, leading to the formation of hairballs. To prevent these unpleasant occurrences, regular grooming is essential. Brushing your cat helps remove loose fur, reducing the amount ingested during self-grooming.

Providing a balanced and high-fiber diet aids in promoting healthy digestion and minimizing hairball formation. Specialized cat foods designed to control hairballs often include ingredients that facilitate the passage of hair through the digestive system.

Increasing your cat’s water intake is also crucial, as hydration helps lubricate the digestive tract, making it easier for hairballs to pass through. By incorporating these preventive measures into your cat’s care routine, you can ensure a happier and healthier feline friend, free from the discomfort of hairballs.

What Are Hairballs?

Cats frequently ingest hair during grooming, which normally passes through the digestive system and is expelled in the litter box. However, if hair accumulates in the stomach without being digested, it is regurgitated in the form of vomit. The shape of the hairballs can vary among cats, often taking on a cylindrical form due to the structure of the esophagus.

Hairballs are a regular occurrence, typically appearing every one to two weeks. They measure about an inch in length but can reach up to five inches, a somewhat unpleasant aspect of feline care. The color of these hairballs is slightly darker than the cat’s natural fur, influenced by food and gastric secretions from the digestive system.

Each cat’s experience with hairballs is unique; some may emit loud cries before regurgitating, while others do so without much ceremony. Frequently, the process is accompanied by audible retching sounds and hacking noises, which can be disconcerting for cat owners.

Why Is My Cat Getting Hairballs?

All cats naturally ingest hair while grooming, but why some develop hairballs while others do not can be attributed to several factors. Fur, primarily composed of non-digestible keratin, remains resistant to breakdown by the acids and enzymes in a cat’s gastrointestinal (GI) tract. When a significant amount of fur accumulates, it tends to form tangled clumps, leading to the development of hairballs.

Two main categories of issues contribute to hairball formation:

Excessive Fur Ingestion:

Long-haired cats naturally ingest more fur during grooming.
Cats with skin diseases that cause increased shedding or heightened self-grooming.
Cats that overgroom due to stress, boredom, or behavioral problems.

GI Tract Disorders and Diseases:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease affecting the GI tract.
  • GI lymphoma, a type of cancer affecting the digestive system.
  • Internal parasites such as worms.
  • Pancreatitis, inflammation of the pancreas.
  • Presence of foreign bodies in the GI tract.
  • Food allergies and other adverse reactions to food.
  • Any condition that slows the movement of material through the GI tract.
  • A healthy feline digestive system is designed to manage normal amounts of fur passing through.

However, when these factors come into play, they can disrupt the natural balance, leading to the formation of troublesome hairballs in some cats. Understanding and addressing these underlying causes are essential for effective hairball prevention and overall feline well-being.

Why Do Cats Eat Hair?

Great question! Cats don’t eat their fur as a deliberate snack, but rather, they naturally ingest hair while grooming. Their self-cleaning routine involves licking, and the rough texture of their tongues is purposeful—it aids in removing dirt and loose hair from their coats.

The sleek and shiny coat you adore on your cat is a result of their diligent self-grooming with those rough tongues. However, the downside is that, inevitably, your cat will ingest some hair during this efficient cleaning process. The inevitable outcome is the formation of hairballs, which your cat will need to expel in one way or another.

Why Do Some Cats Get More Hairballs?

Owning a long-haired cat, such as a Persian or Maine Coon, increases the likelihood of encountering more hairballs in your home. This is due to the fact that long-haired breeds naturally ingest more hair compared to their short-haired counterparts. The frequency of hairballs tends to rise during warm weather when cats shed their dense winter coats. Additionally, individual grooming habits play a role, with some cats engaging in more frequent grooming sessions than others.

Are Hairballs a Health Issue?

Hairballs are a natural aspect of a cat’s life, serving as a means for them to expel excess hair that accumulates in their stomach through grooming. However, if your cat frequently exhibits behaviors like retching, coughing, and vomiting, it signals a need for a visit to the vet.

Moreover, other concerning signs such as constipation, an unusual amount of hair in their stools, loss of appetite, or lethargy should be communicated to the vet, as they could indicate underlying health issues. A significant increase in hairballs might be indicative of an underlying skin condition that warrants attention.

In addressing a severe hairball problem, your vet may conduct a blood test to assess the health of your cat’s liver and kidneys. In some cases, an ultrasound or x-rays may be recommended to rule out major blockages. If a hairball is lodged in the esophagus, it can lead to symptoms like a decreased appetite, elevated heart rate, and increased salivation. In such instances, the vet may maneuver the hairball back into the stomach for natural processing, administer a laxative to facilitate passage, or, in extreme cases, resort to surgery to remove the stubborn hairball.

Cat Hairball Treatment

Cat hairball treatment involves various strategies to address both the immediate issue of existing hairballs and the prevention of future occurrences. Here are several effective approaches:

Regular Grooming:

Brush your cat regularly to reduce the amount of loose fur they ingest during grooming. This helps prevent the formation of hairballs in the first place.

Specialized Diets:

Feed your cat a specialized hairball control diet that includes added fiber. These diets are designed to promote healthy digestion and minimize hairball formation.

Hairball Remedies:

Consider hairball remedies such as gels, pastes, or treats designed to assist in the passage of hair through the digestive system. These products often contain lubricating ingredients to facilitate the movement of hair.

Increase Water Intake:

Ensure your cat stays hydrated by providing fresh water daily. Proper hydration helps in the digestion process and can reduce the risk of hairball formation.

Play and Exercise:

Encourage regular play and exercise to keep your cat active. Physical activity promotes healthy digestion and helps prevent hairballs from clumping together.

Consult Your Veterinarian:

If your cat experiences frequent hairballs or shows signs of distress such as vomiting, constipation, or changes in appetite, consult your veterinarian. They can perform a thorough examination to identify any underlying health issues.

Prescription Medications:

In some cases, veterinarians may prescribe medications to address hairball issues. These may include medications that promote digestion or reduce inflammation in the digestive tract.

Address Underlying Health Issues:

If your cat’s hairball problems are associated with underlying health conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease or gastrointestinal disorders, your veterinarian will develop a treatment plan to manage these issues.

Remember, it’s essential to tailor the approach to your cat’s individual needs, and consulting with your veterinarian is crucial for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan tailored to your cat’s specific health and lifestyle.

Treating Hairballs in Cats

Cats experiencing occasional hairballs, with an occurrence of once a month or so, typically may not necessitate a visit to the veterinarian for an extensive health evaluation. In such cases, implementing home treatments can be a reasonable approach.

However, it becomes crucial to seek veterinary care if your cat is producing hairballs more frequently than this norm, or if additional symptoms manifest. Warning signs include poor appetite, weight loss, frequent vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation. These symptoms may indicate underlying health issues that require professional attention.

Regular monitoring of your cat’s behavior, coupled with prompt veterinary intervention when necessary, ensures optimal care and addresses potential health concerns associated with hairballs or other related conditions.

Management and Prevention of Hairballs

Minimizing hairballs in your cat involves three key strategies. Firstly, regular grooming is crucial to reduce hair accumulation and prevent excessive self-grooming. Brushing your cat not only prevents them from ingesting loose hair but also fosters a strong bond between you and your feline companion. Make it a routine to use a brush and enjoy this bonding time.

The second approach is to explore products in the market, such as shampoos or wet wipes, designed to minimize shedding and prevent hairballs. Ensure both your vet and your cat approve of the chosen product, as feline preferences can vary.

Recognize the significance of dietary choices in hairball prevention. Opt for cat food specifically formulated for hairball control, containing natural fiber and balanced nutrients that support digestion and nourish the skin, ultimately leading to reduced shedding. Numerous reputable brands offer such specialized cat food.

In summary, here are the top seven tips for effective hairball reduction. While understanding that hairballs are inevitable, incorporating these strategies into your routine can significantly minimize the issue and contribute to your cat’s well-being. Armed with this knowledge, you can tackle the challenge of hairballs with confidence, ensuring a cleaner environment for both you and your feline friend.

Top 7 Tips For Hairball Reduction

Regular Brushing
Brushing remains a highly effective method to prevent hairballs, especially during shedding seasons. Removing dead and loose hair significantly reduces the amount your cat ingests and minimizes cleanup. Regardless of your cat’s hair length, prioritize regular brushing.

Encourage Activity
Ensure your cat stays active through regular playtime. Engaging in regular exercise helps maintain a healthy digestive system, reducing the likelihood of hairballs forming. Just as you hit the gym for digestive health, encourage your cat to do the same.

Limit Excessive Grooming
Excessive grooming can indicate various issues, and discouraging it is essential for your cat’s health. Regular interaction reduces the likelihood of your cat grooming out of boredom or sadness. Excess grooming is often a sign of stress, so provide ample TLC to prevent resulting hairballs.

Ensure Adequate Hydration
Make certain your cat drinks enough water. Dehydration can impact the cat’s digestive system, leading to increased hairballs. Provide fresh water daily to encourage regular hydration and minimize the risk of hairball formation.

Gels and Pastes
Remedies exist for hairballs, including special gels or pastes containing a small amount of petroleum gel or mineral oil. These substances lubricate your cat’s digestive system, facilitating easier passage of hair. It’s far simpler to clean hairballs from the litter box than from your floors.

Specialized Food
Specialized cat food formulated for hairball treatment contains higher fiber levels, aiding in pushing excess hair through the digestive tract. Some formulations even include enzymes to naturally break down hair. Consult your vet before switching to a hairball formula.

Fiber Treats
Provide fiber-rich treats to help move food through your cat’s digestive system. Consider options like canned pumpkin as a healthy snack to promote digestive well-being.

What causes hairballs in cats?

Hairballs result from cats grooming themselves, leading to the ingestion of loose fur. When the hair doesn’t pass through the digestive system, it forms into clumps in the stomach, triggering regurgitation.

How often do cats get hairballs?

Frequency varies, but most cats experience hairballs every one to two weeks. The risk increases with long-haired breeds or cats that groom excessively.

Can I prevent hairballs through grooming?

Yes, regular grooming helps. Brushing your cat removes loose fur, reducing the amount ingested during grooming and minimizing hairball formation.

Is diet a factor in hairball prevention?

Yes, a balanced, high-fiber diet aids digestion and helps hair pass through the digestive system. Specialized cat foods designed to control hairballs are available.

Do hairball remedies work?

Hairball remedies, such as lubricant gels, can help move hair through the digestive tract. Consult your vet before using any remedy.

How can I increase my cat’s water intake?

Ensure fresh water is always available. Wet cat food and cat fountains can encourage increased water consumption, aiding digestion.

Are hairballs harmful to my cat’s health?

Occasional hairballs are normal, but frequent or severe cases may indicate underlying issues. Consult your vet if you have concerns.

When should I seek veterinary advice?

If your cat shows signs of distress, such as persistent vomiting, lethargy, or loss of appetite, consult your vet promptly. Persistent issues may require medical attention.


While hairballs are a common and natural occurrence in cats, proactive measures can significantly reduce their frequency and impact on your feline friend’s well-being. Regular grooming, a balanced high-fiber diet, and adequate hydration are key elements in preventing hairball formation.

Cat’s individual behavior and seeking veterinary advice when necessary are crucial for maintaining their health. By addressing common concerns through the provided FAQs, cat owners can foster a comfortable and harmonious environment for their beloved pets, ensuring a happier and healthier life free from the discomfort of frequent hairballs.

Michael R

Michael R

I'm a publisher and editor at Cat Guide 101. I imagine that since you’re here, you likely own a cat — or two! — so helping you better understand them is my aim. I'd like to invite you to check out our about page to learn more about the Cat Guide 101 story.

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